National Highway Authority of India
In an attempt to ensure competitive edge over the Jaypee Group, which built the 165-km expressway between Delhi and Agra, the NHAI has already awarded a parallel national highway project between the two cities to Reliance Infrastructure to upgrade the existing highway to six lanes, at a cost of Rs 1,900cr. Reliance has already started collecting toll on the highway; the project will be ready in the next two years as the 180-km Delhi-Agra highway is part of the ambitious golden quadrilateral project connecting the four metros. Inaugurated in 2012, Yamuna Expressway is still struggling to make money and now it will be competing with National Highway-2 to attract traffic on the stretch built by Jaypee entailing an investment of Rs 13,000cr and commanding a concession period for 36 years.

According to experts in the highway segment, NHAI project will snatch traffic from the expressway, owing to its lower toll rate and in the given environment of limited infrastructure funding availability, efficient resource allocation is the need of the hour to improve infrastructure and dubbed it as a classic example of lack of coordination between authorities at the state and the Centre. They added that infrastructure and industrial projects are planned independently, without considering the supporting logistical infrastructure needs of the project and without collective assessment of the impact on the environment by several projects in a particular area. The key concern is the lack of sound planning for large projects and the absence of coordination between ministries. Yamuna Expressway is about 85% higher than at National Highway-2, and this will lead to the national highway breaking-even faster, said an industry insider, adding that there is severe traffic congestion on the Delhi-Noida road leading to the Yamuna Expressway. Yamuna Expressway has a tendency of users driving rashly, increasing the risk of accidents on the expressway, as observed on the Mumbai-Pune expressway. Also, as National Highway-2 connect towns and villages, road users find this safer as compared to Yamuna Expressway.