Rural Development
With regards to Bharat Nirman, the rural development flagship program of the central government, the overall Budget outlay for the Ministry of Rural Development has been increased in the recently presented interim budget by 2.5 per cent to Rs 82,202 crore from Rs 80,194 crore in the outgoing financial year. Under the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY), the FM allocated Rs 4,542 crore. Allocation towards the rural road scheme for 2014-15 stands at Rs 4,529 crore and under the Indira Awas Yojana, the rural housing program under Bharat Nirman, attained allocations worth Rs 21 crore, largely due to the restructuring of the scheme. For the National Rural Drinking Water Program for 2014-15, allocation is Rs 108 crore due to the same restructuring reason.

It may be recalled that under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Budget expenditure has grown only by around 10 per cent from Rs 7,884 crore in FY12-13 to Rs 8,685 crore in FY13-14. Similarly, under the Indira Awas Yojana the rural housing program has seen Plan expenditure in Budget 2013-14 come down from Rs 13,665 crore to Rs 11,865 crore. Likewise, the subsidy for Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, the rural electrification program, has come down drastically to Rs 2,868 crore in FY13-14, as against Budget Estimate of Rs 4,041 crore and the revised estimate for the National Rural Drinking Water Program in Budget 2013-14 has come down to Rs 8,730 crore as against Budget Estimate of Rs 9,900 crore whereas the actual expenditure for Budget 2012-13 was Rs 10,489 crore. According to experts, the effect of Bharat Nirman on rural infrastructure had been uneven. The progress across rural road projects is visible, but this cannot be said of all the programs under Bharat Nirman, commented, Chairman of infrastructure consultancy firm Feedback Ventures, Vinayak Chatterjee.