In view of the fact that about 90% its coaches are currently being manufactured indigenously, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) is way ahead when it comes to "Make in India" drive and that an instance is that out of the 846 coaches that have been ordered for the third phase of the DMRC only 120 have come from Korea and the rest of the train have been manufactured in India itself. This became possible because global players like Bombardier Transportation, Bharat Earth Movers Limited and Alstom have established their facilities in Gujarat, Bengaluru and at Sricity in Tamil Nadu respectively. Apart from setting up the coach manufacturing units in the country, 18 major sub-systems of these coaches have also been indigenized in the country in a phased manner. This has led to a lot of in-house ancillary industry and skilled manpower development as window glasses, battery boxes, brake blocks, bogie frames, vacuum circuit breakers, HVACs and propulsion are being manufactured locally.
That apart, indigenously manufactured metro car coaches are also being exported to foreign countries like to the Queensland and Sydney Metro systems in Australia. As a matter of fact, the DMRC has been consistently increasing the number of indigenous trains in the system, Delhi Metro's director, rolling stock, H S Anand, said adding that out of 1,234 coaches in Phase I and II, 36 are from Germany and 64 from Korea. The conditions in the DMRC train contracts mandate a cap on upper limit of 25% for production abroad, while the balance of the contract order has necessarily to be manufactured in India either through tie ups or a wholly-owned subsidiary and that quality remains high in the local manufacturing process. The DMRC in the past one decade has been able to keep the capital cost for procurement of these coaches at a consistent level as their costs are substantially lower than the cost of Metro coaches the world over, claimed Anuj Dayal an official spokesperson explaining that while the capital cost of a coach is around Rs 8.94cr in India, the cost in Vancouver is Rs 16.08cr and in San Francisco it is Rs 15.13cr.